UPSC CDS(2) 2017 English Question Paper And Answer Key

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CDS 2 2017 English Questions

 

Directions :

 

In this section, you have few short passages. After each passage, you will find some items based on the passage. First, read a passage and answer the items based on it. You are required to select your answers based on the contents of the passage and opinion of the author only.

 

Passage

 

For many years, ship captains navigating the waters of Antarctica have been intrigued by sightings of emerald icebergs. Scientists have now explained their mystery. Their icebergs are turned upside down. Icebergs are blocks of ice that have broken off huge slabs of frozen snow called ice shelves. Their green appearance results from seawater that has frozen at the bottom over hundreds of years. The frozen sea water has dissolved organic matter which gives it a yellow tone and the fresh water ‘ice shelf’ above has a blue tinge. When the iceberg turns upside done, it appears green through the visual mix of yellow with the blue from below.

 

1)  What is the meaning of ‘intrigued’?

 

(a) Surprised

 

(b) Fascinated

 

(c) Muffled

 

(d) Repulsed

 

 

 

2) What are ice shelves?

 

(a) They are huge pieces of chunks of ice

 

(b) They are frozen sea water

 

(c) They are pieces of ice which look like shelves

 

(d) They are huge pieces of ice which are very old

 

 

 

3) What are icebergs?

 

(a) Huge chunks of ice floating on water

 

(b) Frozen sea water

 

(c) Green ice

 

(d) Green yellow water below and blue above

 

 

 

4) When the iceberg turns upside down, it appears

 

(a) green

 

(b) yellow

 

(c) blue

 

(d) white

 

 

 

Passage

 

In its simple form, science has helped man to protect himself from Nature and to overcome natural obstacles to movement. But with the advance of science, a situation has arisen in which Nature need to be protected from man. He has used Nature’s own gifts, not only of metal but even the human brain, to attack Nature. Forests are being destroyed not only to satisfy the need but to provide luxuries. The evil effects of deforestation are already making themselves clearly felt by climatic changes and soil erosion. Man has at last begun to learn that he has to protect if he wants Nature to protect him

 

 

 

5) The use of science in its simple form has helped man to

 

(a) do such things as building shelter and make carts, boats, etc.

 

(b) make bombs and missiles

 

(c) build factories using machinery

 

(d) make planes

 

 

 

6) Nature now needs to be protected from man because

 

(a) nature has become weak

 

(b) man is rapidly destroying Nature

 

(c) man is cruel to animals

 

(d) man has become irrational

 

 

 

7) Forests are being destroyed in order to

 

(a) provide land for agriculture

 

(b) provide wood for fuel

 

(c) kill dangerous animals

 

(d) provide necessities as well as needless comforts and pleasures

 

 

 

8) The evil effect of destroying Nature instead of using it is seen in

 

(a) the fall in production of our factories

 

(b) the fall in our standard of living

 

(c) the unfavorable changes in climate

 

(d) the frequent occurrence of epidemics

 

 

 

9) Climatic changes and soil erosion are results of

 

(a) scientific developments

 

(b) nuclear explosion

 

(c) natural calamity

 

(d) deforestation

 

Passage

 

According to the civil laws of most countries, obedience is no longer the duty of a wife, every woman has the political right to vote, but these liberties remain theoretical as long as she does not have economic freedom. A woman supported by a man is not liberated from the male. It is through gainful employment that woman has traveled most of the distance that separated her from the male, and nothing else can guarantee her liberty in practice.

 

I once heard a maidservant declare, while cleaning the stone floor of a hotel lobby, “I never asked anybody for anything; I succeeded all by myself.” She was as proud of her self-sufficiency as a Rockefeller, Ford or Birla.

 

However, the mere combination of the right to vote and a job does not mean complete liberation: working, today, is not a liberty.

 

A recent study of women workers in a car factory shows that they would prefer to stay in the home rather than work in the factory. The majority of women do not escape from the traditional feminine world. Their jobs at the factory do not relieve them of housekeeping burdens; they get from neither society nor their husbands, the assistance they need to become in concrete fact the equals of men.

 

 

 

10) Which of the following helps women

 

(a) The right to vote

 

(b) Civil liberties

 

(c) A job

 

(d) Wealthy husbands

 

 

 

11) Why does the writer talk about the maidservant in the hotel lobby?

 

(a) The servants of today will one day be freed from their rich masters

 

(b) A servant can become as rich as Rockefeller or Birla

 

(c) Even with a low paid job women can achieve equality

 

(d) Economic independence is necessary for women’s liberation

 

 

 

12) In which paragraph does the writer say that it is revealed that some woman would not like to work in the factory?

 

(a) In paragraph four

 

(b) In paragraph three

 

(c) I paragraph two

 

(d) In paragraph one

 

 

 

13) “These liberties” in the first paragraph refer to

 

(a) The right to vote , not to obey and right to a job

 

(b) The right to vote and not to obey

 

(c) The rights of servants to disobey their master and the right of the master to punish them

 

(d) Women’s right to vote and earn money

 

 

 

Passage

 

During the past three generations, the diseases affecting western societies have undergone dramatic changes. Polio, diphtheria, tuberculosis, commonly known as TB, are vanishing; one injection of an antibiotic often cures deadly diseases such as pneumonia or syphilis, and so many mass killers have come under control that two-thirds of all death is now associated with the diseases of old age. Those who die young are more often than not victims of accidents, violence, or suicide.

 

These changes in health status are generally equated with the decrease in suffering and attributed to more or better medical care. Almost everyone believes that at least one of his friends would not be alive and well except for the skill of a doctor. But there is, in fact, no evidence of any direct relationship between this change in the pattern or nature of sickness on the one hand and the so-called progress of medicine on the other hand. These changes are the results of political technological changes. They are not related to the activities that require the preparation and status of doctors or the costly equipment in which doctors take pride. In addition, an increase in the number of new diseases in the last fifteen years are themselves the result of medical intervention. They are doctor-made or iatrogenic.

 

 

 

14) In the western societies, the occurrences of polio, diphtheria, and tuberculosis has

 

(a) increased

 

(b) completely stopped

 

(c) decreased

 

(d) continued without changes

 

 

 

15) More death are now associated with old age than in the past because

 

(a) iatrogenic diseases are spreading faster now

 

(b) deadly diseases affecting the young have been well controlled

 

(c) Accidents, violence and suicide that killed many youths in the past are now under control

 

(d) political and technological changes now take better care of the young than the old

 

 

 

16) The writer probably is arguing for

 

(a) stopping the practice of western medicines completely

 

(b) stopping the use of costly equipment and medicines

 

(c) rethinking about the successes and failures of the western medicines

 

(d) giving greater attention to new, iatrogenic diseases than to the old diseases such as polio , diphtheria and pneumonia

 

Passage

 

Poverty is a complex problem. It is far more than an economic condition. We measure it usually in terms of income but forget that poverty embraces a whole range of circumstances, including lack of access to information and to basic services like nutritional diet, health care, and education. It results in a loss of cultural identity and destroys traditional knowledge. Poor people become marginalized and suffer from exploitation and loss of human dignity.

 

 

 

17) Which of the following sentences comes close to the meaning of the sentence, “Poverty embraces a whole range of circumstances.”

 

(a) There are lot of angles to poverty

 

(b) There are several section in the society which are poor

 

(c) There are several types of poverty

 

(d) Poverty is solely an economic issue

 

 

 

18) What way do you think ‘lack of access to information’ affects poor people?

 

(a) They don’t get information about how to improve their conditions

 

(b) They didn’t get newspapers to read at all

 

(c) They can’t go to school and read books

 

(d) They don’t get information about schemes of getting ric

 

 

 

19) What do you think ‘cultural identity’ is important?

 

(a) A sense of cultural identity gives people self-respect and confidence

 

(b) Cultural identity defines the character of poor people

 

(c) It is important to have cultural identity to get jobs

 

(d) It is useful to have cultural identity because it brings your success

 

 

 

20) Which of the following sentences comes closest to the sentence” Poor people become marginalised”?

 

(a) They are not given any benefit of nay government schemes

 

(b) They are ignored by the rich people

 

(c) They are the most ignored elements of the society

 

(d) They are the most disposed elements of the society

 

 

 

21) What do you think is the tone of the passage?

 

(a) Objective but querulous

 

(b) Descriptive and impassioned

 

(c) Argumentative and critical

 

(d) Objective and critical

 

ORDERING OF WORDS IN A SENTENCE

 

 

 

Directions :

 

Each of the following items in this section consists of a sentence the parts of which have been jumbled. These parts have been labeled P, Q, R, and S. Given below each sentence are four sequences namely (a), (b), (c) and (d). You are required to re-arrange the jumbled parts of the sentence and mark your response accordingly.

 

22) My unmarried aunt     is creating a lot of problems for us     who stays with us

 

P                                          Q

 

because of her interfering nature in our personal lives

 

R

 

and there is a misunderstanding among family members

 

S

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) Q S R P

 

(b) Q P S R

 

(c) P Q S R

 

(d) S P Q R

 

 

 

23) No criminal proceeding      in any Court during his term of office

 

P

 

whatsoever shall be initiated     or continued against the President    or a Governor

 

Q                                                              R                                              S

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) Q R S P

 

(b) P Q R S

 

(c) Q P S R

 

(d) S Q P R

 

 

 

24) The dentist    with a severe tooth-ache     when he was brought to hospital

 

P                                                       Q

 

extracted Manish’s tooth                      and relieved his pain

 

R                                                              S

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) P Q R S

 

(b) Q P R S

 

(c) R S P Q

 

(d) R Q P S

 

 

 

25) The actress   has been selected     as the best heroine

 

P                                  Q

 

who is the daughter of a famous male singer       of the year

 

R                                                       S

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a)  R  P   Q  S

 

(b)  Q  P  S  R

 

(c)   Q   S   R  Q

 

(d)   Q   S   R   P

 

 

 

26) Last summer   everyday     kept pestering a pretty girl     one persistent admirer

 

P                                  Q                                               R

 

with phone calls

 

S

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) Q R S P

 

(b) R S Q P

 

(c) R Q S P

 

(d) P Q R S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

27) In many cultures      to make wishes come true    that blue has the power    people believe

 

P                                                Q                                     R

 

and be successful in life

 

S

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) P S R Q

 

(b) R S P Q

 

(c) R Q P S

 

(d) S Q P R

 

 

 

28) From a picnic table    through the playground   while we unpacked a basket

 

P                                             Q

 

we watched them laugh and leap      bulging with sandwhiches and cookies

 

R                                                                      S

 

The correct sequence should b

 

 

 

(a)   R S Q P

 

(b) Q  P  R  S

 

(c) R P Q S

 

(d) Q S R P

 

 

 

 

 

29) My father retired at the age of 68,  where he had served,   in South Carolina

 

P                                      Q

 

as Pastor for 12 years,   from a Baptist Church

 

R                                  S

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) P R S Q

 

(b) S Q P R

 

(c) S P Q R

 

(d) Q P R S

 

 

 

30) The completion      it enables employees to feel a sense of accomplishment

 

P

 

and makes them take pride in their work;       of high quality products

 

Q                                                                      R

 

also enhances employee satisfaction, because

 

S

 

The correct sequence should b

 

(a)  P Q R S

 

(b)  R Q P S

 

(c)  P S R Q

 

(d) R S P Q

 

 

 

31) But, Kuala Lumpur     where modern Malaya executives    but will never miss Friday prayers

 

P                                                                 Q

 

might have a cellular phone in hand,   is a city firmly rooted in tradition

 

R                                                                    S

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a)  R Q S P

 

(b)  S P R Q

 

(c) R P S Q

 

(d) S Q R P

 

 

 

32) Perhaps the most significant factor     is a failure of planning and

 

P

 

in the growth of all metropolitan crimes,    governance in the urban sprawl

 

Q                                                                  R

 

including crimes against the elderly,

 

S

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a)   Q  S   P  R

 

(b)   P  R  Q  S

 

(c)   Q   R   P  S

 

(d)   P  S  Q  R

 

 

 

33) He said that    a small college    he’d rather go to    not studying at all   instead of

 

P                              Q                                R                            S

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) Q  S  P  R

 

(b) P   R  Q  S

 

(c) Q  P  R  S

 

(d) Q  P  S  R

 

 

 

34) Teaching a child    since there  are few    is becoming  difficult  and expensive

 

P                                                  Q

 

open ponds around    how to swim

 

R                                  S

 

The correct sequence should be

 

 

 

(a) S   Q   P  R

 

(b) Q   R   S  P

 

(c)  S  R  Q  P

 

(d) P   R  Q  S

 

 

 

35) The doctor  able to find out   what had caused   the food poisoning   had not been

 

P                              Q                                  R                             S

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) S  P  R  Q

 

(b) P  R  Q  S

 

(c) P  R  S  Q

 

(d) S  P  Q  R

 

 

 

36) The officer      was suspended    being corrupt   from service     before his dismissal

 

P                           Q                          R                              S

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a)  Q  P  S  R

 

(b)   Q  P  R  S

 

(c)  R  S  Q  P

 

(d) R  S  P  Q

 

 

 

37) She gave     her old coat      to  a  beggar         the one with the brown fur on it      shivering with cold

 

P                        Q                                                  R                                              S

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) P  R   Q  S

 

(b) S  Q  P  R

 

(c) P  Q  R  S

 

(d) R  P  Q  S

 

 

 

38) The medical teams   at the ground said that the injured    by the surging crowds,

 

P                                                    Q

 

included women and children     who were trampled

 

R                                             S

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) P R Q S

 

(b) P Q R S

 

(c) Q P R S

 

(d) P S Q R

 

 

 

39) He at the hurdles on his way    who has his eyes    does not look     fixed  on the goal

 

P                                             Q                              R                            S

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) P  Q  R  S

 

(b) S  R  P  Q

 

(c) Q  S  R  P

 

(d) R  Q  P  S

 

 

 

40) We do not know when   but we know    the exact date of his death    for certain

 

P                                     Q                                   R

 

Shakespeare was born

 

S

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a)  S  P   R  Q

 

(b) P   Q  R  S

 

(c) P  S  Q  R

 

(d) S  R  Q  P

 

 

 

41) The purpose is to advance knowledge   the two have to work together   and disseminate it

 

P                                                                  Q                                            R

 

at university  is essentially a community of students and teachers

 

S

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) S  R  Q  P

 

(b) S  P  Q  R

 

(c) P  Q  R  S

 

(d) S  Q  P  R

 

 

 

WORD SUBSTITUTION

 

Directions :

 

For the expression which has been underlined in each of the following sentences, choose the response (a), (b), (c) or (d) which most nearly expresses its meaning.

 

 

 

42) The institution decided to given Mrs. Roy’s job to her son not because she was a social worker, but because she had died in harness.

 

(a) died after retirement

 

(b) died before retirement

 

(c) died while riding a horse

 

(d) died for a great cause

 

 

 

43) Your ambition should be in consonance with your capabilities

 

(a) parallel to

 

(b) in accordance with

 

(c) in harmony with

 

(d) in tune with

 

 

 

44) I could not go up in life for want of proper guidance

 

(a) for lack of

 

(b) for need of

 

(c) for the desire of

 

(d) for the necessity of

 

 

 

45) Though he was arrogant , I could not dispense with his services.

 

(a) terminate

 

(b) align with

 

(c) claim

 

(d) disregard with

 

 

 

46) In spite of his work, he was made a scapegoat for the failure of the project.

 

(a) freed from any responsibility for

 

(b) suspected of causing

 

(c) blamed without reason for

 

(d) was severely punished for

 

 

 

47) If food supply fails to keep pace with population , civilization will collapse

 

(a) to grow along with

 

(b) to walk side by side

 

(c) to gain momentum

 

(d) to move at the same speed as

 

 

 

ANTONYMS

 

Directions :

 

Each item in this section consists of a sentence with an underlined word followed by four words. Select the word that is opposite in meaning to the underlined word and mark your response in your Answer Sheet accordingly.

 

48) Whether the rewards are in commensurate with the efforts or not, a society will always have workaholics and the shirk work groups.

 

(a) disproportionate

 

(b) equal to

 

(c) matched

 

(d) unparalleled

 

 

 

49) Wars leave behind a large number of emaciated soldiers in the camps of both the victorious and the vanquished

 

(a) hefty

 

(b) thin

 

(c) disillusioned

 

(d) determined

 

 

 

50) There was a mammoth gathering to listen to the leader.

 

(a) negligible

 

(b) tiny

 

(c) poor

 

(d) large

 

 

 

51) The audience thoroughly enjoyed the hilarious drama

 

(a) amusing

 

(b) delightful

 

(c) serious

 

(d) momentous

 

 

 

52) The writer’s erudition in science is revealed in every page of the book.

 

(a) unenlightened

 

(b) ignorance

 

(c) intelligence

 

(d) hollowness

 

 

 

53) The seminar which Ravi organised proved to be momentous event.

 

(a) trivial

 

(b) futile

 

(c) vain

 

(d) useless

 

 

 

54) The question is not whether the court vindicates him with regard to his involvement in the case, but how he feels about it.

 

(a) reprieves

 

(b) absolves

 

(c) indicts

 

(d) summons

 

 

 

55) In those days many monarchs enjoyed vast ecclesiastical powers

 

(a) permanent

 

(b) temporal

 

(c) contemporary

 

(d) constitutional

 

 

 

FILL IN THE BLANK

 

Directions :

 

Each of the following sentences in this section has a blank space and four words or group of words given after the sentence. Select which ever word or group of words yo consider most appropriate for the bank space and indicate your response on the Answer Sheet accordingly.

 

56) With the less rapid expansion of the economy, we should make ______ progress toward stable price levels.

 

(a) detailed

 

(b) substantial

 

(c) definite

 

(d) infinite

 

 

 

57) At times he gets very angry, and then no one can ______ him

 

(a) prevent

 

(b) humour

 

(c) mollify

 

(d) satisfy

 

 

 

58) Many people today have fallen into utter confusion of values with the result that they cannot ______ the good from the bad

 

(a) divide

 

(b) differentiate

 

(c) see

 

(d) alter

 

 

 

59) If Mohan ______ at 5 a.m., he would not have missed the train

 

(a) started

 

(b) had started

 

(c) would start

 

(d) has started

 

 

 

60) His property was divided ______ his daughters and sons.

 

(a) between

 

(b) among

 

(c) from

 

(d) with

 

 

 

61) His persistence in his misdemeanours has lowered him in the ______ of everyone who knows him.

 

(a) eyes

 

(b) estimation

 

(c) estimate

 

(d) esteern

 

 

 

62) The clouds of suspicion will clear ______ soon

 

(a) up

 

(b) away

 

(c) off

 

(d) by

 

 

 

63) The teachers said that they were no longer prepared to ______ the ways of the new Headmaster.

 

(a) put over with

 

(b) put on with

 

(c) put up with

 

(d) put up to

 

 

 

64) ______ the construction of new housing units at the rate of one every month, there is still a shortage of accomodation

 

(a) Through

 

(b) Despite

 

(c) By

 

(d) For

 

 

 

65) Democracy requires the equal right of all to the development of such capacity for good as nature has ______ them with

 

(a) presented

 

(b) endowed

 

(c) fortified

 

(d) replenished

 

 

 

ORDERING OF SENTENCES

 

Directions :

 

In this section each item consists of six sentences of a passage. The first and sixth sentences are given in the beginning as S1 and S6 . The middle for sentences in each have been jumbled up and labelled P, Q, R and S. You are required to find the proper sequence of the four sentences and mark your response accordingly on the Answer Sheet.

 

66) S1 : Egypt lies in the north- east corner of Africa.

 

S6 : The whole country depends on the water of the Niles

 

P : Most of it is desert or semi – desert

 

Q : It has very little rainfall

 

R : It is four times as big as Great Britain in size.

 

S : Only a twenty-fifth of the total area is cultivable.

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) P Q  R S

 

(b) S R P Q

 

(c) R P S Q

 

(d) Q P R S

 

 

 

67)  S1  : In mechanical efforts , you improve by perpetual practice.

 

S6 : There is neither excuse nor temptation for the latter.

 

P : He cannot go on shooting wide or falling short, and still fancy that he is making progress.

 

Q : This is so because the object to be attained is a matter of actual experiment in which you either succeed or fail

 

R : He must either correct his aim, or persevere in his error with his eyes open

 

S : If a man aims at a mark with bow and arrow, he must either hit it or aim it.

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a)  P S Q R

 

(b) R P S Q

 

(c) S Q R P

 

(d) Q S P R

 

 

 

68)  S1 : Isaac’s mother married again

 

S6 : He had a set of little tools and saw of various sizes made by himself.

 

P : But he was known to be very clever at making things.

 

Q : She sent him to school.

 

R : Isaac was left to the care of his good old grandmother.

 

S : In his early years Isaac did not appear to be a very bright student.

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) R  Q  S P

 

(b) Q  R  S  P

 

(c) S  Q  R  P

 

(d) R  P  Q  S

 

 

 

69) S1 : The examination system must be regarded as the chief wrecker of young nerves.

 

S6 : If I become a Vice-Chancellor, my first act would be to abolish all examination in my university

 

P : It makes me jump out of the bed, all in a sweat.

 

Q : It does this by building up a tension, for a part of the year, all through one’s youth.

 

R : And after four decades, the same nervousness sometimes recurs to me in nightmares

 

S : I remember the desperate nervousness that used to grip me from January to April every year.

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) R P Q S

 

(b) R S P Q

 

(c) R Q P S

 

(d) Q S R P

 

 

 

70) S1 : History is a subject that is so little valued today that it is almost impossible to win world fame as a historian ; yet that is exactly what Toynbee was able to.

 

S6 : Among the civilizations that he studied was that of India.

 

P : We usually think of history as a chronological account of the development of various states and empires under ruler.

 

Q : Toynbee’s view of history was different

 

R : He tries to find the pattern behind the birth, growth and decay of civilization.

 

S : Though he used the recorded history of mankind, but he was interested not merely in the chronology of single states or group but in the rise and fall of whole civilizations.

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) P  S  Q  R

 

(b) Q  S  P  R

 

(c) S  Q  R  P

 

(d) P  Q  S  R

 

 

 

71)  SI  : Science first began to become important after A.D. 1500

 

S6 : Men read them, became inquisitive again, and began to want to find things out.

 

P : As a result of this , books came to be circulated.

 

Q : During the Middle Ages the coming of Science was hindered by the Church

 

R : In the middle of the fifteenth century , however , the Turks captured the city of Constantinople and the Greek books were scattered far and wide.

 

S : It considered free inquiry into the nature of things to be wicked.

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) P  Q  S  R

 

(b) Q  S  R  P

 

(c) S  R  P  Q

 

(d) R  P  Q  S

 

 

 

72) S1 : Phatik was a mischievous boy of fourteen

 

S6 : Ultimately he distinguished himself as a scholar.

 

P : It was then that Phatik’s uncle offered to take the boy to Kolkata.

 

Q : She was much worried about his education

 

R : His mother found it difficult to bring him up.

 

S : Away from his home Phatik became sober and industrious

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) P Q R S

 

(b) S R Q P

 

(c) R S P Q

 

(d) R Q P S

 

73) S1 : Whenever I met Baba Amte I was reminded of an anecdote my grandmother used to tell me

 

S6 : He forgot that he had made it.

 

P : He once made an idol of God

 

Q : As the idol was nearing completion, the sculptor was becoming more and more withdrawn into himself.

 

S : There was a great sculpto.

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) P Q R S

 

(b) S R P Q

 

(c) S P Q R

 

(d) Q P R S

 

 

 

74) S1 : Ross sent an account of his work, together with slide and specimens to Manson.

 

S6 : Ross was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in1901

 

P : They produced a profound sensation

 

Q : In July 1898, Manson described Ross’s results to the British Medical Association.

 

R : The President of the Royal Society came to Manson’s house and inspected Ross’s materials and said that ‘it was of remarkable interest and value’.

 

S : When Manson had finished, the whole audience rose and cheered.

 

(a) R S P Q

 

(b) P S R Q

 

(c) Q P S R

 

(d) S P Q R

 

 

 

75) S1  : Civilization dawned when early man learnt how to produce heat and energy by burning wood.

 

S6 : When they have been used, they cannot be replaced.

 

P : Then steam was used to produce electricity.

 

Q : In this century great use has been made of oil and natural gas and the use of atomic reactors also has provided another source of energy.

 

R : Much later, the first industrial revolution was based on the production of steam by burning coal.

 

S : But none of these fuels is renewable

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) P R Q S

 

(b) R Q S P

 

(c) R P Q S

 

(d) R P S Q

 

 

 

76) S1 : Ghost is a subject which baffles everyone everywhere throughout  the world.

 

S6 : Yet it is a subject which has held people spellbound and the belief in them continues to flourish

 

P : But human beings have always been curious to know more about them.

 

Q : Needless to say, such attempts have proved to be useless

 

R : There have been attempts even to photograph these creatures of darkness.

 

S : Even after the advancement of science, the reality of ghosts remains a mystery till this day.

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) Q  R  P  S

 

(b) S  Q  P  R

 

(c) S  P  R  Q

 

(d) S  Q  R  P

 

 

 

77) S1 : There have been two schools of thought which deal with the errors of learners.

 

S6 : Both views are popular today but the second is gaining ground fast.

 

P : The philosophy of the second school is that errors are natural and they will occur in any learning

 

Q : So errors, they say, is a sign of faulty teaching methods.

 

R : The first school maintains that if teaching methods are perfect, errors will never occur.

 

S : They argue that we should concentrate on how to deal with errors, instead of on method of teaching

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a)  Q S R P

 

(b) P S Q R

 

(c) Q P S R

 

(d) R Q P S

 

 

 

78) S1 : Down the stair way of the Holiday Inn hotel, I enter the conference hall.

 

S6 : Some are leaning against the sidewall

 

P : I take a seat in the back row as more chairs are quietly slipped in for late corners

 

Q : The hall is already packed with delegates.

 

R : Still quite a few people are left standing

 

S : Most of the delegates are executives of Indian or Indo-US companies

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) S Q  R P

 

(b) P R Q S

 

(c) S R Q P

 

(d) Q S P R

 

 

 

79) S1 : A sportsman is noted for his sense of discipline

 

S6 : Once discipline is accrued in the play field, it can be applied and practised in other spheres of life

 

P : The first lesson in discipline is to win without pride and to lose without bitterness

 

Q : One is no longer swayed by the sudden gusts of passion

 

R : Then, one must learn that error or selfishness will disgrace and endanger the rest.

 

S : A sense of equanimity brings order and method into the life of the people.

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) Q P R S

 

(b) R P S P

 

(c) P Q S R

 

(d) P R S Q

 

 

 

80) S1 : Mr. and Mrs. Robert went home late last night

 

S6 : Mr. Robert rushed to the police station immediately

 

P : Somebody had broken open the lock

 

Q : To their dismay they found all their things missing.

 

R : They got into the house with a lot of fear

 

S : When they reached home they found the front door open

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) R S P Q

 

(b) S P R Q

 

(c) Q S R P

 

(d) R Q P S

 

 

 

81) S1 : The miseries of the world cannot be cured by physical help only

 

S6 : Then alone will misery ease in the world.

 

P : Let men have light, let them be strong and educated

 

Q : No amount of physical help will remove them completely

 

R : Until man’s nature changes, his physical needs will always rise, and miseries will always be felt.

 

S : The only solution is to make mankind enlightened.

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) Q P R S

 

(b) R Q S P

 

(c) S P Q R

 

(d) P Q R S

 

 

 

82) S1 : Aristotle worked under limitations

 

S6 : The age was not a period of experiment

 

P : Physical events were mostly attributed to the intervention of God.

 

Q : There had been little industrial invention in Greece, perhaps because slave labour was cheap and plentiful

 

R : The only equipment he had for his study was a ruler and compass and some crude instruments.

 

S : The facts on which modern theories of science have been based had not been discovered.

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) R P Q S

 

(b) R S P Q

 

(c) Q S R P

 

(d) S Q R P

 

 

 

83) S1 : The bus sped along the road

 

S6 : The dog wailed for a long time

 

P : But the bus could stop only after covering a few yards.

 

Q : It injured the dog in the leg.

 

R : The driver applied the brake

 

S : Suddenly a stray dog ran on to the middle of the road

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) S P R Q

 

(b) S R P Q

 

(c) R P Q S

 

(d) P R S Q

 

 

 

84) S1 : The status of women in our country is, on the whole , far from high

 

S6 : Education can lift women out of the depths of misery and ignorance into which they have sunk.

 

P : But the plight of women in villages is still miserable

 

Q : The educated women in cities enjoy equality with the men folk.

 

R : The movement for the freedom and right of women has certainly been steadily gaining momentum.

 

S : Their education has been thoroughly neglected.

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) R P Q S

 

(b) R Q P S

 

(c) S Q P R

 

(d) S P Q R

 

 

 

85) S1 : Hieun-tsang became a Buddhist monk at the age of twelve and soon discovered that the Buddhist texts available in China were insufficient.

 

S6 : But he was on a quest and returned after a while to his motherland with a rich collection of texts, documents and relics

 

P : Wherever he went, he was asked by the local rulers and monks to stay in the place.

 

Q : He entered India through Kashmir, where he spent some time in Srinagar

 

R : He therefore decided to go on a pilgrimage to India to collect further material

 

S : From India, he attempted to go to Ceylon, but gave up the attempt.

 

The correct sequence should be

 

(a) P Q S R

 

(b) R S P Q

 

(c) Q S R P

 

(d) R Q S P

 

SPOTTING ERRORS

 

Directions :

 

Each item in this section with three underlined parts labelled (a) , (b) and (c) . Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in any underlined part and indicate your response  in the Answer Sheet against the corresponding letter i.e., (a) or (b) or (c) . If you find no error, your response should be indicated as (d).

 

96) It is identification with the audience

 

(a)

 

that makes one come home from the play so much more

 

(b)

 

satisfied than one ever is after merely passive enjoyment of the show    No error

 

(c)                                                                                                 (d)

 

 

 

97) CV Raman was one of the greatest sons of India         who has earned everlasting fame

 

(a)                                                                                  (b)

 

for scientific researches                          No error

 

(c)                                                   (d)

 

 

 

98) This box    is heavy than    the other one     No error

 

(a)                  (b)                   (c)                        (d)

 

 

 

99) The      writer does not have the freedom      to choose his own themes,

 

(a)                                                             (b)

 

society thrusts  them on him                  No error

 

(c)                                                 (d)

 

 

 

100) No one knows   as to why he did it,  or who was behind his doing it   No error

 

(a)                           (b)                                           (c)                                     (d)

 

 

 

101) How long   you  are     in this profession ?    No error

 

(a)             (b)                     (c)                            (d)

 

 

 

102) I know that    ignorance is not bliss     yet I am ignorant in many things.    No error

 

(a)                           (b)                                                     (c)                                       (d)

 

 

 

103) You are     just sixteen years old,     isn’t it ?    No error

 

(a)                       (b)                             (c)               (d)

 

 

 

104) The old widower,     living in remittances from his sons,    could not make both ends meet

 

(a)                                                (b)                                                                   (c)

 

No error

 

(d)

 

 

 

105) Debate about biotechnology and genetic engineering    is under way around the world,

 

(a)                                                                       (b)

 

and India is fully engrossed with the discussion.     No error

 

(c)                                                                    (d)

 

 

 

106) I like to     listen the song of the nightingale     in the evening    No error

 

(a)                                     (b)                                           (c)                    (d)

 

 

 

107) Each student      from amongst the hundred students in the class     want to watch this movie

 

(a)                                                             (b)                                                               (c)

 

No error

 

(d)

 

 

 

108) Although there is virtually no production in India,    the Encyclopaedia Britannica estimate

 

(a)                                                                                  (b)

 

that India has perhaps the largest accumulated stocks of silver in the world    No error

 

(c)                                                                                       (d)

 

109) We have to reach    there at ten   will you please walk little faster   No error

 

(a)                          (b)                                      (c)                                       (d)

 

 

 

110) It is almost difficult,      in case impossible,      to keep awake late after dinner.   No error

 

(a)                                       (b)                                                 (c)                                 (d)

 

 

 

111) What most students need, above all else    is practice in writing

 

(a)                                                      (b)

 

and particularly in writing things that matter to them.       No error

 

(c)                                                                   (d)

 

 

 

112) She was out of the mind,    when she made that plan to go abroad

 

(a)                                                           (b)

 

without taking into consideration her present family position.    No error

 

(c)                                                                        (d)

 

 

 

113) Are you    through with    that newspaper?    No errror

 

(a)                (b)                            (c)                        (d)

 

 

 

114) My college    is besides    the lake      No error

 

(a)                 (b)             (c)                  (d)

 

 

 

115) The Department of Fine Arts has been criticised     for not having much required courses

 

(a)                                                                        (b)

 

Scheduled for this semester.       No errror

 

(c)                                    (d)

 

 

 

116) If you have thought about the alternatives,     you would not have chosen

 

(a)                                                                       (b)

 

such a difficult topic for the term paper.   No error

 

(c)                                             (d)

 

 

 

117) The duties of the secretary are     to take the minutes, mailing the correspondence,

 

(a)                                                                      (b)

 

and calling the members before meeting.    No error

 

(c)                                                (d)

 

 

 

118) If I was you,     I would not go to film       in my mother’s absence.    No error

 

(a)                                (b)                                         (c)                                 (d)

 

 

 

119) Those of us who have a family history of heart disease     should make a yearly appointment

 

(a)                                                                                (b)

 

with their doctors      No error

 

(c)                             (d)

 

 

 

120) The old furniture’s     was disposed of     and the new ones were placed .   No error

 

(a)                                (b)                                           (c)                                  (d)

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