UPSC/IAS Mains GENERAL STUDY Syllabus AND Books

 

GENERAL STUDY PAPER-1

GEOGRAPHY

▪ Salient features of world’s physical geography.

▪ Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

▪ Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

BOOKS

▪ NCERTs – Class 11 and 12 (Physical and Human)

▪ Current

HISTORY (ART AND CULTURE/MODERN/WORLD)

▪ Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

▪ Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.

▪ The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

▪ History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

▪ Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

BOOKS

▪ NIOS – Indian Culture and Heritage

▪ NCERT – Introduction to Fine Arts

▪ NCERT OLD – Modern India (Bipan Chandra)

▪ NCERT – Themes in Indian History (Part 3)

▪ India’s Struggle for Independence – Bipan Chandra

▪ NCERT OLD – World History (Arjun Dev)

▪ NCERT – Themes in World History

▪ NCERT (old) Class 9 and 10 – India and the Contemporary World

▪ India since independence by Bipan Chandra

GENERAL STUDY PAPER-2

POLITY

▪ Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

▪ Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

▪ Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

▪ Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.

▪ Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

▪ Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

▪ Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

▪ Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

▪ Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

▪ Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions

BOOKS

▪ Current

▪ NCERTs: Class 9 and 10 – Democratic Politics 1 & 2

▪ NCERT: Class 11 – Indian Constitution at Work

▪ Indian Polity by M Laxmikant

▪ Introduction to the Constitution of India: D D Basu

  1. S. PAPER-II & PAPER-I: GOVERNANCE & SOCIETY

▪ Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

▪ Role of civil services in a democracy.

▪ Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

▪ Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

▪ Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

▪ Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

▪ Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

▪ Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

▪ Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

▪ Effects of globalization on Indian society

▪ Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

BOOKS

▪ Current

▪ NCERT: Class 12 – Indian Society

▪ NCERT: Class 12 – Social Change and Development in India

▪ NCERT: Class 11 (Political Theory)

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

▪ India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

▪ Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

▪ Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

BOOKS

▪ NCERT: Class 12 Political Science: Contemporary World Politics ▪ Ministry of External Affairs website

Current

 

GENERAL STUDY PAPER-3

ECONOMY

▪ National Income Accounting

▪ Money and Banking

▪ Central Bank and Monetary Policy

▪ Fiscal Policy

▪ Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

▪ Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

▪ Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

▪ Government Budgeting

▪ Inflation

▪ External Sector

▪ Economics Reforms

▪ Land Reforms

▪ Investment Models

▪ Changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

▪ Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

▪ Food Processing

▪ Human Capital Formation in India

▪ Inclusive Growth, Poverty and Inequality

▪ Employment

▪ Agriculture and its related Issues

▪ Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

▪ Land reforms in India

▪ Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

▪ Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

▪ Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

BOOKS

▪ NCERT – Class 11 (Indian Economic Development)

▪ Class 12 – Macroeconomics

▪ Economic Survey

▪ Current Affairs

ENVIRONMENT AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT

▪ Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

▪ Disaster and disaster management.

BOOKS

▪Current

▪ CBSE – Class 11 (Natural Hazards and Disaster Management)

SECURITY

▪ Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

▪ Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

▪ Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money laundering and its prevention.

▪ Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism

▪ Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

BOOKS

▪ 2nd ARC (7th Report Capacity Building for Conflict Resolution)

▪ 2nd ARC (8th Report Combating Terrorism – Protecting by Righteousness)

Current

TECHNOLOGY

▪ Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

▪ Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

▪ Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

BOOKS

Current

GENERAL STUDY PAPER-4

ETHICS, INTEGRITY AND APTITUDE

▪ Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

▪ Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

▪ Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

▪ Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

▪ Important Definitions and Concepts

▪ Civil Services Values

▪ Basic Ethical Dilemmas

▪ Fundamentals of Different Schools of Ethical Behaviour

▪ Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

▪ Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

▪ Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

BOOKS

▪ 2nd ARC REPORT (4th Report- Ethics in Governance, 10th Report – Refurbishing of Personnel Administration)

▪ NCERT: Class 11 (Political Theory)

UPSC Pre+Mains Syllabus के टुकड़े-टुकड़े 

Download In PDF

POLITY

CLICK HERE

GEOGRAPHY

CLICK HERE

HISTORY

CLICK HERE

ECONOMY

CLICK HERE

Environment and Ecology

CLICK HERE

GENERAL SCIENCE

CLICK HERE

Social Development

CLICK HERE