UPSC Pre Syllabus In detail And Books | GEOGRAPHY

Physical Geography of the world(Part-1)

▪ Origin and evolution of Universe, Solar system

▪ Geological History of the Earth

▪ Geological Time scale

▪ Latitude and Longitude including important Parallels and Meridians

▪ Motions of the Earth and their effects

▪ Inclination of the Earth’s Axis and its effects

▪ Local and Standard Time and the International Date Line, Calendar

▪ Eclipses – Solar, Lunar

▪ Geomorphology – Interior structure of the earth, Earth’s crust, Classification of rocks.

▪ Landform Development – First order (continental drift theory, sea floor spreading, plate tectonics theory), Second order (Mountains, Plateaus, Plains & other landforms)

▪ Internal forces & their impact – Volcanoes, Earthquakes, Folding, Faulting, Isostasy)

▪ External forces & their impact – Weathering, Erosion & landforms thus developed

▪ Climatology – Structure, Composition of atmosphere

▪ Weather & Climate

▪ Insolation, Heat Budget, Distribution of temperature, Temperature Inversion

▪ Pressure and Pressure belts

▪ Winds – Planetary, Seasonal and Local; Jet Streams

▪ Precipitation-Forms & Types, Distribution of rainfall

▪ Air Masses, Cyclones and anti-cyclones

▪ World Climatic regions ▪ Oceanography – Features, Ocean waves, currents, tides & Tsunamis, Temperature & Salinity distribution, marine resources

▪ Biogeography: Soils – Classification, distribution, erosion & Conservation

▪ Continents – Major physical features, natural resources

Physical Geography of India

▪ Location: Latitude, Longitude

▪ Northern Mountains, Plains of India, Peninsular Plateau and Islands of India.

▪ Himalayan and Peninsular Drainage System

▪ Spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure, winds and rainfall

▪ Indian Monsoon: mechanism, onset and variability; spatial and temporal variations

▪ Climatic Regions of India

▪ Classification of Soils

▪ Problems of Soil and Conservation

▪ Forests and their distribution, Forest Conservation

Map Based Questions from India (Location of state, city, river, lakes, important places including Ramsar sites, Biosphere Reserves, Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks)

Books

▪ 11th NCERT NEW Geography: Fundamentals of Physical Geography

▪ 11th NCERT NEW Geography – India Physical Environment 

▪ Orient Longman Atlas or Oxford Atlas

NEW NCERT Books of Geography (Class 6, 7, 8,9,10)

Exam Made Easy NCERT MCQ’S NOTES

Economic and Human Geography – World(Part-2)

▪ Natural resources and mineral resources and distribution of key natural resources across the world

▪ Agriculture and agro-climatic regions

▪ Industry and location factors

▪ Infrastructure

▪ World Population, density & distribution, races & tribes, settlements & migration

Map Based Questions from World (Location of state, city, minerals, industries etc.)

Indian Geography

▪ Agriculture typology and major Crops grown in India

▪ Agro-Climatic Regions ▪ Land Reforms and Land use pattern

▪ Animal Husbandry, Fisheries and Aquaculture

▪ Water Resources- Availability and potential: Lakes, rivers, dams, power and irrigation projects, wetlands and interlinking of rivers

▪ Mineral Resources- classification and distribution

▪ Energy Resources- conventional and non-conventional resources

▪ Population and Growth trends – density, sex ratio, literacy, tribes and racial groups in India ▪ Rural and Urban Settlements- types and patterns

▪ Industries- types and their locational factors

▪ Transport and Communication -railways, highways, inland water transport, shipping and sea-ports, air transport

▪ Map Based Questions from India (Location of state, city, minerals, industries etc.)

 Books

▪ 12th NCERT: Geography – India People and Economy

▪ 12th NCERT: Fundamental of Human Geography

▪ Orient Longman Atlas or Oxford Atlas

Exam Made Easy NCERT MCQ’S NOTES

UPSC Pre Syllabus In detail | UPSC SYLLABUS के टुकड़े-टुकड़े

UPSC Pre Syllabus के टुकड़े-टुकड़े 

POLITY

CLICK HERE

GEOGRAPHY

CLICK HERE

HISTORY

CLICK HERE

ECONOMY

CLICK HERE

Environment and Ecology

CLICK HERE

GENERAL SCIENCE

CLICK HERE

Social Development

CLICK HERE